Leipzig, (Sorbian/Lusatian Lipsk, Polish Lipsk ) is the largest city in the federal state (Bundesland) of Saxony. The name is derived from the Slavic word (see Sorbian) Lipsk (settlement where the linden trees stand). It is situated at the confluence of the rivers Pleisse, White Elster and Parthe. Leipzig's population, which peaked at 750,000 before the second world war, has diminished to just about 500,000 by 2002.
First documented in 1015 (originally a Slavic settlement), and endowed with city and market privileges in 1165, Leipzig has always been known as a place of commerce. The Leipzig Trade Fair became an event of international importance; especially as a point of contact to the east-european economic bloc (Comecon) of which East Germany was a member.
The foundation of the University of Leipzig in 1409 initiated the city's development into a center of the publishing industry, and towards being a location of the German National Library (founded in 1912, 1723 to 1750, at the St. Thomas church. In 1813, the Leipzig region was the arena of the Battle of the Nations. In 1913 a monument celebrating this event was finished.
Having been a terminal of the first German long distance railroad (1838, to Dresden, the capital city of Saxony), Leipzig became a hub of central-european railroad traffic, with a renowned station building, now the largest passenger train station in Europe. Nobel prize laureate Werner Heisenberg worked as a physics professor at Leipzig University from 1927 to 1942.
Leipzig was also the German candidate for the 2012 Summer Olympics, but didn't make it into the final list of bidders.
Quotations"Mein Leipzig lob' ich mir! Es ist ein klein Paris und bildet seine Leute. (I praise my Leipzig! It's a little Paris and educates its people.)" -- Johann Wolfgang von Goethe in Faust
TwinningLeipzig is twinned with Birmingham, England.
- Literature expostition & festival (March): http://www.leipziger-buchmesse.de/
- The Johann Sebastian Bach Festival (May): http://www.bach-leipzig.de/
- International Dark, Wave, Gothic Festival (Whitsun): Wave_Gotik_Treffen
- Emancipatoric Punk & Electro Festival (August): http://www.ladyfestleipzig.de/
- International Documentary and Animated Film Festival (October): http://www.dokfestival-leipzig.de/homepage/en/
- French Film Festival (October): http://www.franzoesische-filmtage.de/
- Leipzig Jazz Festival (November): http://www.leipziger-jazztage.de/
- Contemporary European Theater Festival (November): http://www.leipzig-online.de/euro-scene/
- Sprachenabend: International languages nights: http://www.leipzig.sprachenabend.de/
- Tangofabrik: Tango, Jazz in Fusion: http://www.tangofabrik-leipzig.de/
- Moritzbastei: Concerts, Lectures, Theater, Café, Students: http://moritzbastei.de/
- Conne Island: Emancipatoric Rock, Punk, Ska, Electro: http://www.nadir.org/nadir/initiativ/ci/